Wednesday, September 24, 2014

MANGALYAAN MISSION SUCCESSFUL; INDIA IN MARS' ORBIT



Toady (24th September 2014) India wrote another history in space exploration by successfully placing its satellite in the orbit of the Mars  by successfully accomplishing its very first interplanetary mission named “Mars Orbiter Mission – MOM” informally called Mangalyaan.   India is the only country in the world, which has succeeded in the Mars Mission in the first attempt itself. The Mangalyaan was launched on 5th November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). While congratulating the ISRO scientists for this historic achievement Mr. Narenda Modi, the Prime Minister of India said: "The moment this mission was named MOM, I knew it would not disappoint. Moms never fail...We dared to reach out to the unknown."
 
Everything about India’s Mars Orbiter Mission is a historic achievement. Cost wise, it is the cheapest Inter Planetary Mission that the world has seen ever; just 450 crore Indian Rupee (74 million US Dollar). It is ten times cheaper than the latest US Mission. Indian mission is cheaper than even the production cost of the Hollywood movie ‘Gravity’. The satellite was developed in just fifteen months. India comes out as the first Asian Country that succeeded in the Mars Mission in the first attempt itself. The entire mission period has been just three years from the concept development to mission accomplishment. The satellite was taken to the Mars by the launch vehicle named PSLV-XL (C25).
 
The rocket that carried India's first unmanned satellite to Mars was as high as a 15-storey building and weighed nearly 320 tonnes - almost as much as 50 full-grown elephants. The lift-off mass of the spacecraft is 1337 kg and built using Aluminum and Composite Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) sandwich construction technology.
 
One of the main objectives of the first Indian mission to Mars is to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management and operations of an interplanetary mission. Other objectives are:
 
A. Technological Objectives: 
 
  • Design and realisation of a Mars orbiter with a capability to survive and perform Earth bound manoeuvres, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion / capture, and on-orbit phase around Mars.
  • Deep space communication, navigation, mission planning and management.
  • Incorporate autonomous features to handle contingency situations.
B. Scientific Objectives:
  • Exploration of Mars surface features, morphology, mineralogy and Martian atmosphere by indigenous scientific instruments.
It is also a victorious moment for the entire world, in fact, as it is going to be beneficial to the entire world. The ISRO plans to send a follow-up mission with a greater scientific payload to Mars in the 2017-2020 timeframe

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