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The recent trend in technical and vocational training spectrum is that the term Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)', is being superseded in popularity by ‘Skill Training’. Consequently, at present, we are used to hear about two ecosystems as well; TVET ecosystem and Skill ecosystem.
Is skill ecosystem a sub system of TVET or a separate system? Quite naturally many individuals cherish this confusion, especially when they are taught to look at TVET as an all-encompassing system of technical and vocational education and training. The easiest way to approach this question would be to answer another question ‘Why do we need skill ecosystem?’.
In my opinion, skill ecosystem has been evolving from the failure of TVET in maintaining close relationship with industry and resultant failure in addressing industry needs. Even though there are thousands of TVET institutions in the world and millions of graduates come out of it each year, who are supposed to be competent to work at all levels in the industry, HR wings of most of the industries are disappointed with the outcome of their recruitment process. Over the years, it created a situation wherein millions of youths remain unemployed while millions of technical vacancies remain unfilled in the absence of skilled applicants.
From the above situation it is very clear that there is a grave gap between the TVET and the Industry, as the TVET in most cases remain as a business of academicians. Thus Skill ecosystem has naturally been evolved out of this situation to bridge the gap between the TVET and the Industry. Many countries brought out separate skill development policies and set up sector skill councils with the active support and involvement of the industry. Therefore Skill ecosystem can be explained as a subsystem of TVET ecosystem and that grows out of the TVET and extended to the industry. Skill ecosystem works in conjunction with the TVET for ensuring vertical and horizontal mobility of the students through the academic framework and it is extended to the industry to ensure employment opportunity as well as to promote the industrial activities by addressing the shortage of skilled man power. TVET shall also be benefited out of this new situation when the industry relation would reach out to the TVET through the skill ecosystem.