Monday, May 12, 2014

Indian Skill Development Ecosystem

The policies and strategies for the Indian Skill Development ecosystem are being developed chiefly by two apex bodies: National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) (http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in/) and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) (http://www.nsdcindia.org ). The NSDA, a not for profit society, has also an anchor role in operationalizing the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF).  On the other hand NSDC is a public private partnership to nurture the skill enterprise in India.

Below these apex bodies, there are Sector Skill Councils for almost all important industry sectors. Sector Skill Councils are either associations or partnerships of related industrial players. They are mandated to do skill gap analysis, develop National Occupational Standards (NOS) for job roles, Qualification Packs (QP), and facilitate skill training programmes across the country through Training Partners. They also facilitates third party assessment of skill training programmes. They receive initial funding support from NSDC and thereafter they have to develop a self-sustainable business model.

Private and Public Training Partners and State Government Departments make use of the services of all the above agencies to produce quality skilled man power. The highlight of the Indian Skill Development ecosystem is that the courses are developed, delivered and assessed with the active participation of the related industries. However, the shortage of the trained trainers remains to be the greatest challenge as in the case of many other countries in the world.

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