As a volunteer supporter of OER and open technologies, I think, the agreements adopted by the United Nation’s Climate Change Conference in Cancún, Mexico (that concluded on 11 December, 2010) have opened up promising venues for knowledge/technology/support/funds sharing. This is definitely the most required thing and hence a great success. Because pushing planet friendly technologies to the frontline by sharing, adopting and supporting will provide a very strong framework for all other initiatives to succeed in protecting our green planet. Let us take a look at some of the highlights as seen in the Conference’s Press Release
- Developing country actions to reduce emissions are officially recognised under the multilateral process. A registry is to be set up to record and match developing country mitigation actions to finance and technology support from by industrialised countries. Developing countries are to publish progress reports every two years.
- The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanisms has been strengthened to drive more major investments and technology into environmentally sound and sustainable emission reduction projects in the developing world.
- Parties launched a set of initiatives and institutions to protect the vulnerable from climate change and to deploy the money and technology that developing countries need to plan and build their own sustainable futures.
- A total of $30 billion in fast start finance from industrialised countries to support climate action in the developing world up to 2012 and the intention to raise $100 billion in long-term funds by 2020 is included in the decisions.
- In the field of climate finance, a process to design a Green Climate Fund under the Conference of the Parties, with a board with equal representation from developed and developing countries, is established.
- A new .Cancún Adaptation Framework is established to allow better planning and implementation of adaptation projects in developing countries through increased financial and technical support, including a clear process for continuing work on loss and damage.
- Governments agree to boost action to curb emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries with technological and financial support.
- Parties have established a technology mechanism with a Technology Executive Committee and Climate Technology Centre and Network to increase technology cooperation to support action on adaptation and mitigation.
All of the above agreement items have high potential for directly or indirectly supporting the development of effective mechanisms for knowledge/technology/support/funds sharing. However, to make this advancement sustainable, a considerable amount of knowledge and technologies (maximum extent possible) should reach the public domain. In this respect I would like to repeatedly highlight the Need for a Consortium for alternative open technologies , which UNFCCC may think aloud.